Tuesday, 6 December 2016

South Derbyshire Brickworks - part 1

In this first of two South Derbyshire posts I cover the brickworks which where located in Melbourne, Kings Newton, Ticknall, & Newton Solney.

Melbourne

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1881.

John Evans is listed in White's 1857 edition as brickmaker at The Common, Melbourne. As I do not have a map from that period showing John's yard, I have used a 1881 map to indicate the location of his yard in yellow & the road called The Common in red. Today this former brick yard is now a coal yard owned by John Smith. 
With Richard Bennett also stamping the reverse of his bricks Melbourne & being recorded in Kelly's 1881 edition at Melbourne, I thought Richard had taken over John Evans' yard, but as you can see no brickworks existed at this location in 1881 (see map above) & I there are no more brickworks marked on maps in Melbourne at this date. I have found out that Richard Bennett's brickworks was actually in nearby Kings Newton which was in the parish of Melbourne & I cover that works next. So it appears that after John Evans had finished brickmaking this yard closed for good.

Photo by MF taken at the Silk Mill Museum, Derby.

Photo by MF taken at the Silk Mill Museum, Derby.




Kings Newton


© Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1882.

This brick yard in Kings Newton was started by Henry Orton in 1853 after he had discovered good quality red clay on his land ideal for making pottery. After trial pieces had been sent to Stoke on Trent for firing, the results came back promising, so Henry established a pottery on his land. 

Photo by MF taken at the Silk Mill Museum, Derby.

As you can see, Henry also produced bricks & he is listed in Kelly's 1855 edition as brickmaker in Kings Newton, Melbourne. I have also added the Kings Newton example below which may have been made by Henry ?

Photographed by Frank Lawson in Stanton by Dale, Derbys.

I now move on to the next owners of this works & this is where it gets a little confusing as I have two brickmakers by the name of Richard Bennett at this yard & more than likely they were related. I have wrote about these two Richard's in my Bennett's of Derby post in detail, so from this I will hopefully outline the chain of events for this Kings Newton works.

I first have a web article which states that after a few years Henry Orton's pottery failed & his property was sold in 1861. Brickmaking continued at the works & R.R. Bennett of Derby is recorded as owning the works up to 1899 when it closed. The site was later used as a landfill site. 

Now I think that this R.R. Bennett was the son of Thomas Bennett, who started the Slack Lane brickworks in Derby in the late 1840's. Richard then takes over the running of the Slack Lane works in 1871 after his father's death. It is not until Kelly's 1881 edition that this Richard Bennett is recorded in his own name at the Slack Lane brickworks. This Kelly's entry continues with the addition of several more brickworks owned by Richard & this includes a yard at Melbourne. As previously said in the Evans entry this Melbourne works was actually in Kings Newton & this Richard stamped his bricks Melbourne & in his full name as shown below. This Richard Bennett of Derby died in 1887 & the business is then recorded as being run by his wife. Before I continue with the next owners of this works & the Derby works, I write about the second Richard Bennett.

Photo by MF taken at the Silk Mill Museum, Derby.

Photo by MF taken at the Silk Mill Museum, Derby.

Photo by MF taken at the Silk Mill Museum, Derby.

Now on to the second Richard Bennett & hopefully to save confusion I refer to him as the Kings Newton Richard. This Richard Bennett is listed as brick maker in Kelly's 1881 edition at Kings Newton & this is the only entry for him. Now this begs the question of the location of his works as there was only one brick yard in the village & that was owned by the first Richard Bennett. My only explanation is that the Kings Newton Richard worked at his relations works, thus stamping R. Bennett, Kings Newton in his bricks as per example below to differentiate his bricks from his namesakes.  

Photo by MF taken at the Silk Mill Museum, Derby.

As said this K.N. Richard is only listed in one trade directory, this is because I found a web article which states that Richard Bennett formerly a brickmaker in Kings Newton had moved to Derby to establish his brick machine manufacturing business called Bennett & Sayer - Engineers. This company is recorded in a 1895 advert as having it's Head Office at the Slack Lane Brickworks, Derby. So my theory is that with the Derby Richard Bennett dying in 1887, this Richard was asked by the Bennett family to combine the running of his engineering business with the several brickworks owned by the Bennett family. This K. N. Richard is recorded as owning the Slack Lane brickworks until 1932 when it was sold to the Derby Brick Co. As previously said the Kings Newton works closed in 1899 & was later used as a landfill site. Today the site is occupied by a large industrial unit.




Ticknall


 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1881.

The brickworks at Ticknall shown on the 1881 map above was an estate brickworks owned by the lord of the manor, John Harpur-Crewe, 9th Baronet of Calke Abbey, so there are no trade directory entries for this works. You will have noticed that I have put a red circle on this 1881 map, this was the new location of the brickworks as shown the 1899 OS map & it consisted of a Scotch kiln, drying shed, a gin circle & loading bay. I have also coloured the horse drawn tramway purple. This tramway was built in 1802 by the Ashby Canal Company to connect the potteries in the village, the brickworks & the lime works to the Ashby Canal. Pottery & lime was transported to the canal for distribution to all over the country & coal travelled in the opposite direction to the brickworks. The horseshoe shaped arched bridge which carried the tramway over the main road to the brickworks & was in use until 1915 can still be seen today. I have added this link so you can view this arch & read more about the history of Ticknall & it's horse drawn tramway.
http://www.ticknalllife.co.uk/ticknall-village-trail-2/



John Harpur-Crewe was born 1824, inherited Calke Abbey in 1844 & died in 1886, so we can date this IHC brick between 1860 & 1886. Apparently it was common for a J to be written as an I in those days. 


Photo by MF taken at the Silk Mill Museum, Derby.

The works continued to be owned by the Harpur-Crewe family after John's death & bricks were also produced with Ticknall stamped in them until 1939 when the works closed. I have to note that the 1951 OS map still records this brickworks, so there is the possibility that this works may have restarted after WW2, but I have found no written evidence to back this map up. 



Newton Solney


 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1880.

This yard was started by William Hopkins at Newton Solney, near Burton upon Trent in 1811. The works was then taken over by his son-in-law John Marbrow & in 1871 John was employing 6 men & 1 boy at his yard. Bricks, tiles, drainpipes & kiln tiles were produced at the yard until around 1892. Trade directory entries record William Hopkin Marbrow at the works in Kelly's 1876 to 1891 editions, so I expect he was John's son & three generations of the Hopkins/Marbrow family had worked at this works.


There is the option that John or his son William made this Marbrow reverse Newton brick. 

Photos of the Marbrow/Newton brick by MF courtesy of the Phil Sparham Collection.




I wish to thank the following people who's help & information has helped me bring the story of these brickmakers to the web.

Philip Heath - Melbourne & Kings Newton Info.

Frank Lawson - photos

National Library of Scotland - use of their maps. 












Tuesday, 29 November 2016

Nottingham Brickworks - part 4 - Bunny, Chilwell, Radcliffe, Saxondale, Stapleford,West Bridgford, Wilford & Wollaton


Smart, West Bridgford.


© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NCC/Ordnance Survey 1912.

Thomas Smart is listed in Kelly's 1888 edition through to it's 1891 edition at the Ludlow Brickworks, West Bridgford, Nottingham. It is recorded in a web article that this works on Melton Road was started in 1885, the location of which is shown on the 1912 OS map above. Kelly's 1895 edition to the last available edition in 1941 now records the company as T. & J. Smart at the same address.
The works provided the majority of the bricks needed for the ever expanding West Bridgford both for housing & industrial use. The exact date when the works closed is unknown, but it is recorded in a web article that it was sometime during the 2nd World War. This was due to the glow from the kilns which compromised the blackout regulations. It appears that the works did not reopened after the war as the works is marked disused on a 1952 map & houses have now been built all round the edge of the site. The kilns were demolished in the early 1950's & today this former brickworks site is an industrial estate.



This may have been an early example of one of T. Smart's bricks. 



This J. Smart example was photographed by Frank Lawson on the site of the former railway station at Teversal, Notts.   




Image of the works taken from the air in 1935.


Photo by MF courtesy of Nottingham Industrial Museum.




Baldwin, Bunny.


© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NCC/Ordnance Survey 1946.

I first start with the pre-Baldwin history for this works. Thomas Walker is listed as brickmaker in Kelly's 1876 edition at this works in Bunny, Notts. This village is situated south of Nottingham & very close to the Leicestershire border. Thomas Walker is then followed by his son Thomas junior at the works & he is listed in Kelly's 1894 edition. A map dated 1887 shows this works as being only half the size as the one on the 1946 map above. This yard is shown again on the 1900 map, but is then marked as disused on the 1912 map.

H.J. Baldwin then establishes a new brickworks on this former brickworks site in 1936. I have three trade directory entries for H.J. Baldwin & Co. Ltd. in Kelly's 1941, 53 & 56 editions & they only give the office address of 132, Arkwright Street, Nottm. & no listing for the location of their works.



The brick above is a standard imperial sized brick & the one below is a modern metric version.





Two photos of the works from the air taken in 1939. 



These four photos of the works were taken by Mike Chapman in 1994 shortly after the works had closed. This first one shows the kiln & chimney. Mike tells me while he was taking these photos, scrap men were hovering to take what metal that they could find. A sorry end to a once thriving works. Today this former brickworks site is a recycling & landfill site.






A closer inspection of this photo shows that these are pallets of the underground electricity cable covers which Baldwins produced in five different sizes & two examples can be seen below. Theses covers were placed in the ground to indicate that live electricity cables where buried below. This was at a time before the Cat Scan had been invented to show the location of buried electrical cables to workers digging up the ground.







Wollaton.


© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1900.

Up to yet I have found no info relating to this brickworks ever being called the Wollaton Brick Co. as you would suppose with the brick below being stamped Wollaton. This works is shown on maps dating 1875 through to 1938, but I have only found two trade directory entries for brickmakers working at this yard & one web reference to another brickmaker being at the yard. I have used the word yard as this brickworks according to the several maps viewed never expanded in size compaired to other works in the Nottingham area operating over the same length of time.

James Clayton is recorded at Wollaton in Whites 1885 edition with James also owning another works on Carlton Road, Nottm. The London Gazette in 1886 records James Clayton, Wollaton Brick & Pipe Works, Nottm. as ceased trading & going into voluntary liquidation. So he may have only been at the Wollaton works for a couple of years.

The next trade directory is for William Buxton & he is listed in Kelly's 1894 edition at Wollaton & Kimberley, Nottingham. This is the only entry for the Wollaton works, but William is listed at Kimberley in Kelly's 1876 to 1904 editions. Yet again a short tenancy at this yard.

I then have this web info from a family website :- 
Cliffords brick yard. 
In 1901 Henry Clifford, age 69 was at the brickyard in Wollaton with his wife Maria (Nee Woodward.) and his children. It would seem that a Thomas Brooks born Milford now owns the brick yard.... So. Any information ???? and where was the brickyard in Wollaton???

No trade directory entries for Henry Clifford, but I can reveal the location of the works for the person who posted this request in 2009. Just hope they do a fresh search so they can see my results. Then that begs the question of how long did Thomas Brooks own the yard ? As said the yard is still shown on a 1938 map. Updates will be added if I get the answers ! 



Photo by MF courtesy of Nottingham Industrial Museum.




J. Piggin, Stapleford.

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1900.

John Piggin is listed in Kelly's 1895 to 1904 edition in owning the Pasture Road brickworks coloured yellow on the 1900 map above in Stapleford. The blue coloured works at Stanton Gate was in Derbyshire & I cover that works in a future post.



The Stapleford Real Estate Co. Ltd are next listed as owning the Pasture Road works in Kelly's 1908 & 12 editions with A.G. Phillips as Manager. The works are still shown operational on a 1913 map, but only the clay pit remains on a 1938 map.




Thompson, Chilwell.


© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1900.

This brickworks had been worked by several generations of the Thompson family & was operational for over 100 years. The earliest date so far found for the Thompson family at the works is 1865, but I expect from the information found that the yard had been started up to twenty years earlier at least.


Photo by Jeff Sheard courtesy of Nottingham Industrial Museum.

So I start with the E.T. brick above & a London Gazette article dated 2nd January 1866 states that  Edward Thompson of Breaston had taken over the Chilwell brickworks on the 31st of December 1865 which had previously operated as J.G. Thompson & Company. This company had been owned by himself, John Garton Thompson of Chilwell & Richard Thompson of Chellaston. The latter two of this partnership had retired from brickmaking. As a normal time span for a brickmaker was up to twenty years, I expect John Garton Thompson started this yard around 1845. So with Edward taking over the yard in 1866 & then finding a trade directory entry for Henry Thompson at this works in 1976, it appears that Edward owned this yard for around twenty years.


Photo by MF courtesy of Nottingham Industrial Museum.

The first trade directory entry that I have for the owner of this works is for Henry Thompson in Kelly's 1876 edition. This entry continues until the 1908 when the entry reads Henry Thompson (exors of), so Henry had passed away. Kelly's 1912 edition then records William Thompson at the works. More that likely William was Henry's son. William continues to be listed in Kelly's until the last available directory in 1941.
The exact year this brickworks closed is unknown, but it may have been operational into the 1960's. I have pasted a link below which shows two 1960/70's photos of the clay pit just after the chimney had been demolished. Houses have since been built on the site.
https://nottstalgia.com/forums/topic/6451-chilwell-brick-quarry-in-the-early-70s/





Sheldon, Chilwell.


Photo by MF courtesy of Derby Museum.

John Sheldon is listed in Kelly's 1876 edition as brickmaking at Chilwell, Attenborough & at Long Eaton. Then in the 1881 edition it only lists the Chilwell, Nottingham works. I am taking it that with photographing the Sheldon brick above at the Derby Silk Mill Museum it was made at John's Long Eaton works.
I then have a dilemma as to where John Sheldon's yard was in Chilwell as I have only found one brickworks marked on maps in Chilwell & this was owned by the Thompson family at the dates of 1876 & 1881. So I have two options, first John shared Henry Thompson's Chilwell yard or secondly Chilwell was where John lived & his works was at Long Eaton, but with the 1876 entry saying Chilwell & at Long Eaton it infers that John owned two works. I'll keep you updated if I find the answer to these questions.





Wilford Brick Co.


© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1900.

At this moment in time a brick stamped Wilford Brick Co. has still to be found, but I expect they stamped their bricks as they are listed in Kelly's 1900 to 1916 editions with Arthur Robert Bennett recorded as manager in the 1900 edition & Henry Turner as Managing Director in the 1904 edition to the 1916 edition. The 1922 edition now lists Capt. H.C. Cutts as Managing Director & entry continues to the 1941 edition. Kelly's 1953 & 56 editions lists the company as The Wilford Brick Co. Ruddington Lane, Wilford. Nottingham. The works is shown on a 1952 map & from a web article it states the works opened in 1895 & closed in 1967. The closure of the works was due to clay stocks getting low & what was left would be uneconomical to extract.  

Link to a photograph taken in 1964 by a steam train enthusiast as a steam train was passing the Wilford works.
https://www.flickr.com/photos/78089679@N03/10614318595





Radcliffe on Trent Brick Co.


© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1900.

The Radcliffe on Trent Brick Co. owned the blue coloured brickworks marked on this 1900 OS map & was located just outside the main part of Radcliffe in Harlequin. The yellow coloured works at Saxondale was owned by William Hill & I write about him next. 
Kelly's 1881 edition lists the works as The Radcliffe on Trent Brick & Tile Co. with George John Willey as manager. The 1888 edition now lists George John Willey, Simon Barratt & Henry Parr as proprietors. Kelly's 1891 & 95 editions only list Willey & Parr as joint proprietors. The company is then not listed in Kelly's until the 1928 edition & the entry reads Radcliffe on Trent Brick Co. Ltd. Harlequin, Radcliffe on Trent, Nottm. So whether the works had closed for the period  between 1895 & 1928 is unknown but the 1900 map above shows it as operational. I then find that the 1928 entry is also the last for the company in trade directories, but works had not closed at that date as I have found several letters of correspondence in the Nottingham Archives.

These letters were to & from the Radcliffe Brick Co. & Bennett & Sayers, Brick Machine Manufactures & Engineers in Nun Street, DerbyThe letterhead on the first from Radcliffe dated 14th Jan 1930 records the company as the Radcliffe Brick Co. registered offices; 33, Castlegate, Nottm. - office & works, Radcliffe on Trent with George Morton as manager & W.A. Norris owner. It continues with a list of bricks that they supply - Pressed Facing Bricks, Wire Cut Common, Ornamental Red Bricks, Sand Stocks, Sills & Strings. This letter from N.A. Norris states that the yard had been let to C.E. Marrows of Nuthall Lodge, Nuthall, Nottm. for five years from 21st October 1929 & all materials purchased are to be paid for by Marrows. Another letter dated 30th April 1930 states that arrangements had been made by Norris for Marrows (the Tenant) to buy the yard. 
The next letter dated 12th June 1930 states that George Morton previously manager of the works was now the Works new owner with Marrows & now A. Oswin recorded as tenants of the yard. 

The arrangement for Marrows to purchase the yard must have fell through as well as the Works being owned by Morton because a letter dated 15th May 1931 to B. & S. states that N.A. Norris had put the yard up for sale.

The final letter dated 9th December 1931 from B. & S. to Radcliffe Brick Co. & it's new owner Joseph Onions (works & yard), contains arrangements for Mr. Needham of B. & S. to visit Radcliffe to discuss future requirements & for Joseph Onions to visit B. & S.'s brick works on Slack Lane to view their brick machinery in action. How long Joseph Onions owned the Radcliffe B. Co. & the year the works closed is unknown but it is not shown on the 1950 OS map only the remains of the clay pit.




Hill, Saxondale/Radcliffe.


© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1912.

Research has revealed that William Hill first owned the yellow coloured brickworks at Saxondale before relocating to a new works coloured red at Harlequin in Radcliffe on Trent. The blue works belonged to the Radcliffe Brick Co.
So Kelly's records William Hill at Saxondale, Bingham in it's 1876 edition. A second works at Woodborough is added in the 1881 edition & this entry for the two works continues to the 1891 edition. The 1895 edition just lists the Saxondale works. The 1900 edition records the opening of his Harlequin works (coloured red) along with his Saxondale works. Then the 1904 edition to the 1922 editions just records the Harlequin (red) works. The year his Harlequin works closed is unknown & the next map available dated 1950 only shows the disused clay pit.



I wish to thank the following people in helping me bring this post to the web.
Mike Chapman
Jeff Sheard
Nottingham Museums & Galleries
Derby Museum
NCC & NLS for the use of their maps
Britain from Above





Thursday, 17 November 2016

Nottingham Brickworks - part 3 - Bulwell, Babbington, Bestwood, Linby & Hucknall


Bulwell Brick Co.




The Bulwell Brick Co. is listed in Kelly's 1876 edition through to it's 1932 edition at Kett Street, Bulwell with the works closing around 1940. The company had a second works on The Wells Road & that works is listed in Kelly's from 1891 to 1916. An example of a brick made at the Wells Road works & a map showing the works location can be seen at the end of this entry.  


  © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1875.

I have coloured Bulwell's brickworks yellow on this 1875 map & Kett Street green. So from this map it looks like the Bulwell Brick Company was in production before the 1876 trade directory entry. The purple marked brickworks was Sankey's which was on Hemphill Lane (coloured red) & I write about that company later in the post.





Bulwell Brick Coy. reverse Clayton's Patent photographed in-situ in the underground water reservoir at Papplewick Pumping Station.




© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1900.

This 1900 OS map shows that Bulwell at this date had incorporated Sankey's brickworks into their site & it also shows the extent of it's clay reserves on the other side of the railway line. The clay was brought to the works via a tramway which runs under the Midland railway line. Today the course of the former Midland railway line is now Sellars Wood Drive. Bulwell Potteries marked blue on this map was owned by Sankey's & as said this company features later in the post.



This example of a Bulwell brick was photographed at the Wollaton Industrial Museum, Nottingham.


Made at Bulwell's Well's Road Works & was also photographed at the Wollaton Industrial Museum, Nottingham.

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NCC/Ordnance Survey 1912.

1912 map showing location of Bulwell's Wells Road Works.




Linby.



This Linby reverse Clayton's Patent brick is a bit of a mystery as I have found no brickworks recorded on maps either in Linby or at the colliery. Nor have I found any written evidence for a brickworks at Linby. So with this stamp mark being identical in design to the one used by the Bulwell Brick Company & with it being found together with Bulwell bricks in the same location, I think it was made at their works. There are the options that clay was brought either from Linby or from Linby Colliery to make these bricks or Linby could even be a Mr. Linby at B.B. Co., but I have no evidence for that & I may be barking up the wrong tree ! All I can say is that both the Linby & Bulwell (shown in situ in Bulwell entry) bricks where found in the underground water reservoir at Papplewick Pumping Station & to my delight I was given permission to have one of the Linby bricks which had been brought up to the surface.


 Three photos of Papplewick Pumping Station, it's underground reservoir & a Linby brick photographed in situ.










Sankey, Bulwell.




Sankey’s brickworks at Bulwell is listed in Kelly’s 1881 to 1885 editions as Sankey’s Bulwell Brick & Tile Co. Ltd. Hempshill Lane, Bulwell with George Kemp as manager. Bricks may have only been produced between the mid 1870's & 1885 at Hempshill Lane as Sankey’s were more well known for producing clay flower pots which they made at their Bulwell Pottery works which was situated a little further north of their brickworks on the other side of the railway line. Sellars Wood Drive now follows the course of this former Midland railway line. The year the brickworks closed is unknown, but was before 1900 as an OS map dated 1900 shows that Sankey's yard was part of Bulwell Brick Company's yard by this date.
Sankey’s continued to produce clay flower pots until 1976 at their Pottery Works, when they then made them of plastic. The pottery/plastic works relocated to Bennerley Road & the site of their original pottery works is now Sankey Drive. Sankey’s became part of the Fiskars Group in 1999. 



  © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NCC/Ordnance Survey 1875.

I have coloured Sankey's brickworks purple & Hemshill Lane red. The yellow coloured brickworks was owned by the Bulwell Brick Co. & it appears the Bulwell Brick Co. took over Sankey's yard when they closed.






Babbington.



The story of this brickworks all starts in the village of Babbington in 1839 when Thomas North who owned the Babbington Coal Company was sinking shallow pits around Babbington to extract it's coal. This successful venture lead Thomas to move to nearby Cinderhill to sink two 7ft mine shafts on land owned by the Duke of Newcastle in 1842, calling his new pit Babbington Colliery. A brickworks was established next to the colliery in 1851 & from a 1853 list of brick outputs in Nottinghamshire, it lists Thomas North as producing 6 million bricks in that year at Cinderhill. Thomas North was well revered by his workers for providing them with housing & other amenities. He built Cinderhill Church on land given by the Duke of Newcastle & with the fruits of his hard labour he moved into Basford Hall. 


 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1900.

This 1900 OS map shows the size of the Babbington's brickworks which was located next to Babbington colliery (also known as Cinderhill Colliery as shown on this map). Also to note on this map is the railway line which connected the colliery & it's brickworks to the Great Northern Railway line which opened in 1870.  



With the expansion of Thomas' company in owning or sinking other collieries & building houses for his workers, resulted in Thomas running out of money & moving out of Basford Hall. Sadly Thomas North died a pauper in London in 1868 aged 57 & owing a quarter of a million pounds to the bank, who took over the running of all his businesses which included Babbington brickworks. 


Trade Directory entries for the brickworks are as follows :- 

Wright's 1866 & 68 editions - Thomas North, Low Pavement, Nottm. (offices).

Kelly's 1904 edition - Babbington Coal Co. 5, Low Pavement, Nottm.

Kelly's 1908 edition - ditto plus Cinder Hill Road (works), Hayden Rd, Marmion Rd & Wells Rd, Nottm. I have been told that these three addresses are railway sidings on the Nottingham Suburban Railway line from where Babbington Coal Company may have sold it's coal from. This is the only entry listing these addresses.

Kelly's 1912 edition to Kelly's 1928 edition - Babbington Coal Co. offices, 5 Low Pavement, works, Cinder Hill Road, Cinder Hill, Nottm.

Kelly's 1928 to Kelly's 1936 edition - Babbington Coal Co. offices & works, Cinder Hill Road, Cinder Hill, Nottm.

So with the last trade directory entry being 1936 for the brickworks one can assume that it closed before 1941 as it does not appear in that directory. Today the site of the former colliery & brickworks is the Phoenix Business Park & it includes ample parking at the tram station which takes you to the centre of Nottingham.

More can be read about Thomas North's life at this links. 
http://www.nottinghampost.com/pioneer-owner-north-died-57-poverty/story-12242592-detail/story.html

http://www.picturethepast.org.uk/frontend.php




McCarthy, Bulwell.




McCarthy's brickworks was at the end of Thames Street in Bulwell, on the opposite side of the then Midland Railway line to Sankey's Pottery works. Today the course of the former Midland railway line is Sellers Wood Drive. 
These internal bricks were stamped either McCarthy (one is still to be found) or MAC and were very absorbent. A bricklayer friend has told me, that he had to soak them overnight, before he could lay them the next day. If not the bricks would draw the moisture out of the mortar and the wall would fall down. Gary has also told me that when he was a nipper, he & his friends would play in the brickyard where they stacked the cooling bricks. These cooling bricks had their use in the winter, first they kept the gang warm & secondly they use to take their jacket potatoes & place them in-between the bricks until they were cooked, Lovely Jubbly ! I expect that while he was playing in this brickyard with his chums at this tender age, he did not think that one day he would be laying McCarthy's bricks for a living !

The company is listed in Kelly's 1941, 53 & 56 editions as M. McCarthy & Sons, sand, lime & bricks, (SPW Brand), Bulwell Lime Works, Thames Street, Bulwell, Nottingham.


  © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NCC/Ordnance Survey 1946.

1946 OS map showing location of McCarthy's works (coloured blue) between the end of Thames Street & the Midland railway line which today is Sellars Wood Drive.
Just to note that the Bulwell Brick Co.'s brickworks on Kett Street (green) had gone by the date of this map.




McCarthy's also made bricks stamped SPW with stands for single party wall & this SPW name on their bricks was their Trade Mark.


Photo by Reg Baker, courtesy of the Picture the Past website.

This photo of the works was taken shortly before the works closed due to poor sales of lime & bricks in 1977. 






Bestwood Coal & Iron Co.



This Bestwood Coal & Iron Company brick is set into the wall of the winding engine house at Bestwood Colliery Museum. The pit was sunk in the 1872/8 & was followed by the building of a iron works next door & just over a mile to the north of the colliery, a brickworks at Cobler's Hill as shown on the 1875 map below. A tramway was built alongside Moor Road to take coal to & bricks from the brickworks. Both the brickworks & ironworks closed in 1928, so we can dated this brick from anytime between 1875 & 1928. The pit closed in 1967. 

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NCC/Ordnance Survey 1875.

I have coloured the tramway yellow to indicate it's route between the brickworks at Cobler's Hill & the Colliery on this 1875 map.




Granger/Wilmott, Hucknall Torkard.


 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1878.

A brick made by William Granger of Hucknall Torkard has still to be found, whether he stamped his bricks we will not know until one turns up.
The 1881 Census records William aged 52/3 as brickmaker, farmer & maltster employing 10 at his brickworks called the Brick Yard on Wood Lane, Hucknall Torkard as shown on the 1878 map above. I have one trade directory for William & it reads as William Granger, The Common, Hucknall Torkard in Kelly's 1885 edition. The 1891 Census only records him as farmer & maltster. 
The Wood Lane brickworks continues to be shown on maps up to 1938, but I have no trade directory entries or web info on who worked or owned this brickworks up to this date. If anyone has this information, please get in touch.


Update 28.11.16.
I can now add that I have found information of another brickmaker working in Hucknall Torkard & it may have been at the same Wood Lane works as worked by William Granger. 
John Wilmott is listed in Kelly's 1876 & 81 editions at Hucknall Torkard. There is then a gap in trade directory entries until John Wilmott is listed again in the 1888 & 91 editions with the address of High Street, Hucknall Torkard. This gap in John Wilmott's dates could have been when William Granger was brickmaker at the Wood Lane yard as William is recorded only in Kelly's 1895 edition. I will now have to look out for a Wilmott brick as well.   





I wish to thank the following people in helping me bring this post to the web.
Papplewick Pumping Station
Nottingham Museums & Galleries
NCC & NLS for the use of their maps
Picture the Past