Sutton Brickworks

Walter Straw, Brickmaker, Sutton in Ashfield 



Walter Straw is recorded as brickmaker in the 1886 edition of Kelly's Trade Directory & White's 1888 edition, with his brickworks being recorded on Mansfield Road, Forest Side. Sutton in Ashfield, Notts. 
Local historian Luther Lindley wrote in 1907, that Walter Straw owned two potteries but are now closed. His residence was built on a site which formerly stood a windmill & his stackyard was on land next to the Baptist Church.
On the map below from 1877 shows the two potteries, the one opposite the school being named on a later map as Red House Pottery. The corn windmill on the map is where Walter's grand house stands & is now on the corner of Skegby Road & Hill Crescent. His stockyard is next to the Baptist Church on the map, new industrial units are now planned to be built on this land which has been cleared of most of the streets & buildings shown on this map, which was formerly Tudsbury's Hosiery factory. Update 29.3.17. The planning use of this land has now been changed from industrial to houses & the building of these houses will commence in 2017/18.

I can only deduce that because of the bricks found, that Walter made them at one of his two pottery sites, the Red House Pottery site being on Mansfield Road same as recorded in Kelly's Directory. 

Update 29.3.15. Information received from a gentleman who had lived on Milner Street, Skegby, saying that his house had be built by builders Richardson, using bricks made at Walter Straw's brickworks on Dalestorth Road. This works is shown on the 1877 map below & it's not until 1908 that I have a Directory listing for George Boot being the brickmaker on this site. So as well as owning his two pottery sites, Walter owned the Dalestorth Road brickworks to make his bricks from the late 1880's to 1906/7.


 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey 1877.
1877 map showing the location of Walter's brickworks which I have marked in yellow on Dalestorth Road & it was not far from his two potteries on Forest Side, which were just off the bottom of this map. The brick yard opposite on this map was owned by Thomas Slack & the one on Forest Road was owned by Henry Shaw.

  © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey 1877.
1877 map showing the location of Walter's two potteries, the larger one on Mansfield Road is shown on later maps as Red House Pottery & the smaller one was on Eastfield Side. The marked windmill was where Walter was going to later build his grand house, then his "stack yard" was on the street where it says Baptist Church. The brickyard shown on this map was owned by Aaron Barke.


This example has come from a house in the New Cross area, which is not to far from Walter's Dalestorth Road works. Local historian Luther Lindley also wrote in 1907 that Walter Straw owned the land on Outram Street where St. Michael's Church was built. The sum of £2,000 was paid to Walter for the land & the church was opened in 1887. The church closed due to dwindling numbers of regular churchgoers in 2003.


George Boot, Brickmaker, Sutton in Ashfield



George Boot is first recorded as builder & contractor on Mansfield Road, Sutton in Ashfield, Notts. in Kelly's Trade Directory for 1886, then again in 1899. 
In Kelly's 1904 edition, he is now a builder & brickmaker on Mansfield Road. His brickyard is recorded on this 1917 O.S. map below marked in yellow, on the corner of Mansfield Road & Skegby Road to the left of the Blue Bell pub, with it being marked disused by this date. I do not have a map from 1904 only a 1899 map & there are only open fields recorded at this location in 1899. This yellow coloured brickworks is also marked as disused on the 1913 map.

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey 1917.

So George must have relocated because he is then recorded in Kelly's 1908 edition as working at his new brickworks on Dalestorth Road as shown on the 1917 map above, which I have marked in blue & is recorded as the Dalestorth Brick Works. The other brickworks on this map on Forest Road was owned by Henry Shaw.

George Boot built himself a grand house at the entrance to yard, which still stands to day. It has ornate brickwork around the doors & windows & it shows his craft to it's fullest. The couple who now own this house were very interested to hear about my interest in the house, as they wanted to rebuild the 3rd floor, which had been taken down many years ago, but they had not got any plans or photos of the building at that time. So I asked an elderly lady I knew who lives on that road, if she had any photos but the answer was no, but she did remember the 3rd storey. Then the gentleman said, come around the back. There was a large pile of bricks which had come from the 3rd floor. Not one brick had George's name stamped in them, they were all plain bricks !
Kelly's 1916 edition is the last entry in George Boot's name.

In Kelly's 1922 & 25 editions we now find new owners at this brickworks & they are listed as S.E. Carding & Son, Dalestorth Road, Sutton in Ashfield, but then we find in the next directory in 1928 that the works are now back in the hands of the Boot family & recorded as Boot Bros. Dalestorth Road, S in A. This is followed by the same entry in Kelly's 1932 edition & then Cope's 1933-34 edition. Kelly's 1936 edition no longer records the Boot Brothers & on the 1938 O.S. map, houses have now been built along the front of their yard on Dalestorth Road, with open fields to the rear.

This brickyard is recorded as far back as 1877 on an O.S. map, but who owned it I do not know. I only have a Thomas Hibbert of Grange Farm in Kelly's 1888 who could have owned it ? Grange Farm being next door to the yard. Update 29.3.15. I have just been informed that Walter Straw owned this brickworks from the later 1880's to 1906/7, to be followed by George Boot in 1908.



      One of George's moulded bricks & reverse with name.






Variation found 13.9.14 in Derbyshire.


Thomas Slack, Brickmaker, Sutton in Ashfield


Thomas Slack is recorded as brickmaker at Grange Cottage, Sutton in Ashfield in Kelly's Trade Directory for the years 1891, 1893, 1895 & 1899. From the 1891 Census Thomas aged 60 was born in S-in A in 1831 & living at Grange Cottage, Dalestorth Road with his wife Alice (58) & children, Elizabeth (26) dressmaker, Thomas junior (25) & listed as Brick Carrier, then Hannah (24). 
This all then ties in to a brickworks which was on the left hand side of Dalestorth Road (plot 434 - coloured yellow) opposite was Walter Straw's then later George Boot's brickworks (plot 92). The dates of it's operation match up to O.S maps for 1887 & 1899, being marked disused by the 1913 O.S. map. 
From a larger scale copy of the 1887 O.S. map I have now identified Thomas' Grange Cottage which was on the opposite side of the road to his yard (also coloured in yellow) & located just a short distance from Sutton Grange Farm. Today there is still a house & garden standing on this same plot as shown on the map below & is now numbered as 50 Dalestorth Road. A row of bungalows have also been built on the land between this plot & Dalestorth Road. 

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey 1899

Updated 28.3.17.
Further research has revealed that Richard Carter worked at this yard before Thomas Slack with Richard being recorded as brickmaker in Skegby in White's 1872 & Kelly's 1876 editions. It was from a Mansfield Advertiser  "For Sale by Private Contract Notice" dated 1.3.1878 of this works that revealed the location of Carter's yard. The notice is as follows - " A valuable & freehold estate comprising of around 12 & half acres, including all plant & machinery, buildings & kilns. The land is also very valuable for building purposes. It has an excellent bed of clay which is seven feet thick & the entire property is in the parish of Skegby with having a large frontage to Wragg's Lane from Sutton Forest Side to Dalestorth. The above Estate will be sold with or without mineral rights. The brickyard has being doing good business under the occupation of Mr. R. Carter. For more details please contact W.A. Vallance, Builder & Valuer of Mansfield, agent for Mrs. Shelton the owner of the land." 
So this account records Carter's brick yard as being on Wragg's Lane & this road was later renamed Dalestorth Road & is shown as such on a map dated 1887. Today this road is still known as Dalestorth Road & leads up to the 18th century Dalestorth House.

I next established that Aaron Barke & then his sons worked at this yard from 1904. Aaron had previously owned the brick yard on Mansfield Road, Sutton & the move to Skegby may have been brought about by the clay reserves getting low at the Mansfield Road yard which had been worked by Aaron since 1871. 
The Dalestorth Road works is shown operational on the 1898 map, but disused on the 1913 map & then operational again on the 1938 map. Aaron is listed in Kelly's 1904 & 08 editions at Skegby & his sons are recorded at Skegby in Kelly's 1912 & 16 editions. If we take into account that maps are surveyed up to two years before they are printed that why the 1913 map shows this works as disused. Aaron more than likely had finished brickmaking by 1910 & his sons were then brickmaking at this yard from 1912 to 1916 as recorded in Kelly's. So with this works still shown as being operational on the 1938 map, the next owner is unknown. Today modern houses now occupy this former brickworks site which I remember being built, but what year I cannot remember, possibly in the 1960's/70's. The houses which front this site on Dalestorth Road were built in the 1940's/50's. 


Beeley Bros. Brickmakers, Sutton in Ashfield



Samuel Hibbert Beeley & Fredrick William Beeley are recorded as Builders, Contractors & Farmers on High Pavement, Sutton in Ashfield, a family business which had been established by these two brothers in 1743, according to local historian, Luther Lindley. This company is recorded from 1899 to 1941 in White's Trade Directories & was run over the years by several members of the Beeley family. 

I next find in the trade directories, William Beeley junior, who I believe is related to the Beeley's above. In Kelly's 1876 & 1881 editions William Beeley junior is recorded as brickmaker in Sutton-in-Ashfield, residing in Mansfield. The location of his brickworks is not recorded.
From the 1861 Census I have found that William aged 33 in 1876, had a brother John aged 26 in 1876, who may have be working with him, with this brick being stamped Brothers or William jnr. could have just been using the family business name as above ? 


 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey 1887
Originally I was unable to name the owner of the brickworks, which was next to Blackmires Farm on this 1887 map. I have recently found out that it was owned & run by William Beeley (senior).
William is recorded in the 1864 edition of the Nottingham History Directory & Gazette as farmer & brickmaker at Blackmires. 
William Beeley is next recorded at Forest Street, S-in-A in White's 1885 edition & residing at Blackmires. As there is no works recorded for William junior in the trade directories, he may have worked with his father ? 
I have just found this map at the library & although it is dated 1899 it shows a brick kiln on Priestsic Road just off Forest Street (marked green), this is where I think William or William junior & John could have made their bricks after moving from Blackmires Farm as recorded in White's 1885 Directory.

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey 1900

My next finding is an advert in the Derbyshire Times dated 15th April 1891. This is the sale of Blackmires Farm, Brick Works, Hotel, Public House & Contractor's plant by J. Jeeley, Auctioneer & Valuer. The article mentions probate transfers, so I take it that William senior has passed away. 

On the 1900 Ordinance Survey Map of the area, Blackmires brickworks is no longer recorded only the farm, which in the 1901 Census is now owned by William Antill (farmer) & his family. Factories & industrial units are now built on the land which was formerly the farm & brickworks.

At first I thought that the two recorded William's may have been the same person, but with me finding the 1876 entry as William junior & living at Mansfield, I now know that the 1864 William at Blackmires was his father & this has been backed up by the 1861 Census.

I have one further little bit of information found by Marg at Sutton Library that in the 1861 Census, a William Tomlinson, Master Brickmaker was living/boarding with William Clay at Blackmires Cottage. This cottage could have been on Blackmires Lane, which ran from Newark Road to Blackmires Farm & is now named Hamilton Road. So this William Tomlinson may have worked at or owned the Blackmires brickworks before William Beeley ?


Henry Shaw, Brickmaker, Sutton in Ashfield


In White's Directory for 1885, Henry Shaw is recorded as Builder, Contractor & Shoe Dealer, Forest Side, Sutton-in-Ashfield. So at this date I do no know if he has started making bricks. If he has, the brickworks on New Cross could more than likely have been his works.
This New Cross brickworks is recorded on two O.S. maps dated 1877 & 1899. The works is no longer shown on the 1913 map & Lime Street is shown built, with this road running from New Cross traffic lights through the centre of this former brickworks to Short Street. The brick above is a coping brick used to cap the top of a wall.

Update 17.12.14, Just found that local historian, Luther Lindley wrote in his 1907 book, that Henry Shaw was a builder, contractor & brickmaker, with the address of Eastfield Side. He had been established in 1868 & was employing 50 males with Mr. R.W. Doughty as Works Manager. Although this article records the address of Eastfield Side, this is now the name of a road & is shown on the 1899 map, but earlier dated maps show all of this New Cross area of Sutton as open fields & named East Field. Henry is recorded in 1885 at Forest Side, which is the name of the same area which covers New Cross down to the border with Mansfield at Kings Mill Reservoir. We next find Henry recorded in Trade Directories at Skegby in 1894 as brickmaker. Although the Eastfield Side/New Cross brickworks is not listed in trade directories again until 1904 & being run by Walter Shaw (more than likely Henry's son) I think that this yard was still owned by Henry & may been mothballed up to 1904. 

                                                            © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey 1877
 On this 1877 map the entrance to this brick yard was opposite the Dewdrop Inn on New Cross.


 
                                                               © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey 1899
On this 1899 map the Dewdrop Inn is now The New Cross Hotel, which is still there today & the brick yard is still shown. On the next map I have for this area dated 1913, the brick yard has disappeared & Lime Street has now been built.

Now back to Henry Shaw at Skegby & he is first recorded as brickmaker in Skegby in Kelly's 1894 edition followed by entries in Kelly's 1904, 08, 12 & 16 editions also at Skegby. 
So this now begs the question of the location of Henry's works in Skegby as the actual location is not recorded in any trade directories. My best option is not to far away from New Cross on Forest Road, Skegby. All other brickworks in this area can be accounted for at these dates.


© Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey 1913.
1913 map showing Henry's brickworks which I have coloured green & this yard had expanded in size since being last recorded on the 1899 map. 


This example is a normal house brick, found in a garden not to far from Henry's works.

Update 12.3.16.
The next entry in Kelly's 1928 edition for this works is for The Sutton-in-Ashfield Brick Company, Dalestorth Road, S-in-A. This is the only entry for this company & information gathered from Nottingham Archives has revealed the answer why this is the only entry.

On the Company's letterhead deposited with the Archives & dated 15th September 1926, the name, address & owner of the works is given as The Sutton in Ashfield Brick Co. works, Skegby, Managing Director, Mr. Shaw with James Leece as secretary. With Henry Shaw's last trade directory listing being 1916 I think that this Mr. Shaw is his son Walter who is recorded in Kelly's 1904 edition as brickmaking at Forest Side, the family's other brickworks on Eastfield Side/New Cross. As previously wrote Forest Side covers all this area of Sutton. The letter is to Bennett & Sayers, brick machinery manufacturers in Derby to supply new machinery & parts.
The next letter dated 17th July 1928 from Bennett & Sayers to the S-in-A Brick Co. states that B & S can no longer supply any more goods until "your account has been substantially been reduced, please send remittance as promised in June as we can no longer afford to give such prolonged credit."
There is an exchange of several letters during the next few months with B & S then threatening to take legal action under the Hire Purchase Agreement. In one reply in August, the brick company blamed a misunderstanding with the clerk & sent £20/0/0 & promised to send more money. But this did not happen because in October, James Leese writes to B & S saying "because no bricks have been sold we cannot send anymore money & I will put this problem to the Directors next week." 
This resulted in a letter dated 28th October 1928 to B & S from Arthur Edward Cripwell, accountant for the Company stating that the Shareholders had agreed a motion to go into Voluntary Liquidation & Mr. Cripwell had been appointed Liquidator. In reply B & S said they would come & remove supplied machinery as under the Hire Purchase Agreement. Mr. Cripwell then made a request to delay this as he had already received one or two inquiries about the sale of the yard. B & S agreed.
As time went on & the sale did not happen, B & S then said they would now remove the machinery, but this did not happen either as Barclay's Bank who were part of  the Hire Purchase Agreement stopped this, saying that "The plant would be sold with the yard."
I am sorry to say that I do not know what happen next as there is no more correspondence between the several parties concerned deposited with the Archives. With no buyers for the yard or evidence in Trade Directories of New Owners, one can only assume that everything was sold at auction or taken back by Bennett & Sayer. A car repair garage & builder's yard now occupies this former brickworks site.


Messrs Barke, Brickmakers, Sutton in Ashfield

With the help of Marg at Sutton Library, I can now present the information from the Census about the brickworks owned by the Barke family on Mansfield Road as well as the trade directory information previously found.

In the 1871 Census Aaron Barke from Selston is recorded as living at the Beer House, Mansfield Road working as a brickmaker aged 48.
In the 1881 Census, Aaron, 58, son George, 23, also brickmaker, both living at the Beer House. 
In the 1891 Census, Aaron 68 is now Publican & living at the Potmakers Arms. George 33, is now joined by another son John 31, Pan Tile Maker, both living with Aaron.
The 1901 Census shows George, 43 as the Publican of the Potmakers Arms. Aaron is no longer recorded.
George in the 1911 Census is recorded as Brickmaker & living with his wife at 11 Apollo Road, which was just across the road from the Potmakers Arms, aged 54. 

The Mansfield Road brickworks (field 178), where they all worked was behind the Potmakers Arms (Beer House) & is recorded on the 1877 map below. This works is shown again on the 1899 map, but on the 1917 map the brick yard has gone & been replaced by a football field, to be later followed by the town's dog track, then houses.

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey 1877

Aaron Barke is listed as brickmaker in Kelly's & White's Trade Directories from 1876 to 1908 editions. From 1876 to 1900 the Mansfield Road works is listed as Eastfield Road, Forest Side Brick Works & Forest Side, Nottm. Then in the 1904 edition Aaron is recorded at Skegby, Mansfield & then on the next line underneath, Mrs Louisa Barke, Aaron's wife (brick & tile maker) Mansfield Road, S-in-A. The 1908 entry just lists Aaron at Skegby. We next find in the 1912 & 1916 editions the brickworks at Skegby is now recorded as Barke Brothers. 
So sons George & John are now in charge. I do not have any bricks made by any of the Barke family at the moment, so they may not have stamped their bricks ?
Although I do not know the exact location of their Skegby Works, there are two possibilities, one was on Dalestorth Road which had been owned by Thomas Slack till 1899 & the other was on Mansfield Lane, which I have not been able to find any information about. I have to note that in Thomas Slack's entry in trade directories it records his works as Sutton-in-Ashfield, but the works extends into the parish of Skegby, so the Barke entries could refer to it as Skegby. Further investigation is needed one way or the other.

An advert which appeared in the Nottingham Evening Post, 11th April 1872 - Eigkmakers wanted - Apply Aaron Barke, Sutton Forest Side Brick & Tile Works nr. Mansfield.
What are Eigkmakers ? I have looked this word up, with no results found. Anybody got any ideas ?  

Updated 23.3.17.
Re-examining maps & information has brought me to the conclusion that Aaron Barke more than likely did take over the yard previously owned by Thomas Slack. Please note, this is my theory only & with me now viewing the 1938 map & other information this has resulted in me putting forward the account below. If only we could go back in time & record these events so they are not lost !!!   

This yard is shown as operational on the 1898 map, but disused on the 1913 map & then operational again on the 1938 map. So we know Aaron is listed in Kelly's 1904 & 08 editions at Skegby where this works was situated & his sons are recorded at Skegby in Kelly's 1912 & 16 editions. If we take into account that maps are surveyed up to two years before they are printed that why the 1913 map shows this works disused. Aaron more than likely had finished brickmaking by 1910 & his sons were brickmaking at this yard in 1912. So I have used the 1898 map below to show this Skegby works which I have coloured yellow & had been owned by Thomas Slack up to 1899. The red works is Aaron's Mansfield Road works in 1898.

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1898.

Please note that the parish boundary between Sutton & Skegby is the dotted line which follows the course of Dalestorth Road.



Samuel Daubney Hibbert, Brickmaker, Sutton in Ashfield




S.D.H. - S.  Samuel Daubney Hibbert - Sutton.
My first trade directory entry that I have found for Samuel Daubney Hibbert as brickmaker is in White's 1872 edition with the address of Mount Street, Sutton in Ashfield. Samuel is then recorded in Kelly's 1876 & 1885 editions as brickmaker on High Pavement, Sutton in Ashfield, Notts. Although I do not have the exact location for his yard, an option is set just behind St. Joseph's Club on High Pavement which is named Quarry Yard on street maps. This site was used for many years by Taggs Coaches & today houses have now been built upon it. 

Updated 9.3.16; 12.3.16 & 28.3.17.
New research has revealed that Samuel was also a builder & he is listed in the Builders section of Kelly's 1885 edition at High Pavement, Sutton in Ashfield. I have since found out that Samuel's builders yard was actually on Mount Street which was situated just off High Pavement, as recorded in his 1872 trade directory entry. I have to note that a brickworks is not shown on maps on Mount Street, so the Quarry Yard option looks likely, but cannot be confirmed as a brickworks is not shown as such on maps at this location. My next finding in the 1904 edition of the Nottingham & District Trade Directory, Builders section, records S.D. Hibbert (exors. of), 14, High Pavement, Sutton in Ashfield. Now this address of 14 High Pavement was the builders yard belonging to another building firm called S.H. & F.W. Beeley. So one can only assume that the Beeley family were administrating Samuel's business in that year as the executors. 
During my visit to Nottingham Archives on Thursday I came across a document recording that S.H. & F.W. Beeley (builders & contractors) of 14, High Pavement, Sutton in Ashfield had taken over Samuel Hibbert's building company after his death.


Samuel Oxley, Brickmaker, Hucknall under Huthwaite, Notts.

Samuel Oxley is recorded as brickmaker in Hucknall under Huthwaite in Nottinghamshire between 1885 to 1925 in Kelly's trade directories & with the information found in census records the works may have been run by other members of his family as Samuel would have been 75 in 1925.

Thought I would clarify Hucknall under Huthwaite next. When you see the name Hucknall today you automatically think of Hucknall near Nottingham which is six miles north of the city, but this town is Hucknall Torkard. On the other hand Hucknall under Huthwaite today is just known as Huthwaite & this village is a part of Sutton in Ashfield in the District of Ashfield. When my dad lived in the village in the 1920's & 30's his postal address was Huthwaite, Mansfield. 

Finding a named brick made by Samuel Oxley has so far eluded me, but it has not been for the lack of searching. Many of the houses in The Falls area were built between 1879 & 1917 as shown on the maps below & I suspect they were built using Samuel's bricks.  My only conclusion is that Samuel did not stamp his bricks. On one of my foray's into Huthwaite I had gone at the right time when a house on New Fall Road was being renovated, but alas all the bricks which had come out of the house had no name stamped in them & the local builder who was doing the work said he had never seen any bricks marked Oxley. 
Samuel is recorded as later living on New Fall Road in 1912 & I have coloured this road red on all three maps below. Also I have coloured the road which leads down to Samuel's works in yellow & this was Newkiln Lane, it was later renamed Skegby Road as shown on the 1917 map.


© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of Ordnance Survey 1879.

First I would like to thank Marg at Sutton Library for supplying me with information from various census records about Samuel Oxley & the different members of the Oxley family who were either brickmakers or brickmaker labourers who may have all worked at the yard.

The first reference to a Samuel Oxley is in the 1871 Census when he is recorded as living in Huthwaite, aged 21 & being born in Tupton which is between Chesterfield & Clay Cross, Derbys. Also logging with Samuel is Chas Oxley, aged 22 also born Tupton & listed as brickmaker.

I then have another Samuel Oxley in the 1881 Census & he is recorded as living on Falls Lane, Huthwaite aged 31 born in Winthorpe, Nottinghamshire which is 2 miles north-east of Newark. Although the same age as the first Samuel I suspect this is our brick maker & founder of the brickworks.

These are the Kelly's trade directory entries that I have for Samuel Oxley.
Samuel Oxley, brickmaker, Hucknall-under-Huthwaite, Mansfield 1885,91,94,1900,04 & 08 editions.
Then the listing is Samuel Oxley, brickmaker, New Fall Street, Huthwaite, Mansfield in 1912,16,22 & 25 editions.


Next in the 1891 Census there is Charles Oxley born at Sandal, Doncaster, aged 42 & living on Sutton Road in Huthwaite, profession  brickmaker. Also in the 1891 Census there is a Frederick Oxley living on Columbia Street, Huthwaite & listed as a brickyard labourer. The 1911 Census now records Charles Oxley aged 62 with his son Harold aged 31 living on High Street, Huthwaite & both listed as brick manufacturers. Other members of this family in the 1911 Census are recorded as bakers. So it looks like the works was founded by Samuel around 1885 & then closed when being run by Harold around 1925/6 with Samuel still listed as owning the works & living on New Fall Street aged 75. 

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1900.

During one of my recent brick sorties into Huthwaite I spoke to a gentleman who together with his father had been coal merchants. Now retired he remembers when he was young & his father was not delivering coal, they would go to Riddings Brickworks at Jacksdale were they would load his fathers lorry up with bricks to deliver to local building sites. My next question was "Have you ever seen any bricks stamped Oxley." He replied, " The brickworks used to be over there where the Brierley Park Visitors Centre now stands but I have not seen any bricks marked Oxley." 
The Visitors Centre was built just to the right of the marked Brick Works buildings on the map below & the park was created from the former brickyard & the nearby former Sutton Colliery site located a little further north in Stanton Hill. Walking Trails also connects three other former pits sites to the park mainly via old railway routes. As to the name of Brierley Park, Sutton Colliery was also known locally as Brierley Colliery from the fact that miners from Brierley Hill in the West Midlands came to sink & then work at the pit in 1874. These miners christening the colliery Brierley & the name stuck.


© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of Ordnance Survey 1917.

Another little bit of local history is the use of the vernacular term of Mucky Huckna'. This refers to the village of Hucknall under Huthwaite & not to Hucknall Torkard as a lot of people think & I have found on the web that a lot of "old timers" in Hucknall Torkard have claimed it as their own also, but I'm afraid it belongs to Hucknall under Huthwaite. 
The term was used to describe the village as a coal mining village where most of it's miners worked at the New Hucknall Colliery & lived in the village in the 1870's. The men would come home from their shift covered in coal dust, hence the term mucky, no pit baths in those days. 


Get the tin bath out & fill it with hot water Ma. 
- I feel cleaner now !

Mucky Huckna' could have also been used to describe the foul or colourful language often used by some of the miners in their daily lives. You can read some readers remarks about Mucky Huckna' at this link.
Also about the sinking of New Hucknall Colliery at this link.

I have also found a 1707 reference to the village being called Dirty Hucknall & this name for the village may have been corrupted to Mucky Hucknall with the coming of the coal pits & it's miners.
Dirty Hucknall was a reference to the poorly made roads in the village & because the village was built on clay these roads soon turned to mud during bad rainy weather. Therefore your clothes got mucky if you traveled on these roads during bad weather.
The article which contains this information can be read at this Link. I have been told of another variation in Dotty Huckna' also meaning dirty. 

So there you have it, I have not yet found a Oxley marked brick but my research has unearthed a wealth of knowledge.

If you have got or you find a Oxley marked brick, please let me know, my e-mail address is on the contact tab, as I would like to come along & photograph it for my post & if by chance you have one spare, I would dearly like to own one. Many Thanks Martyn.

Searching trade directories has revealed another brickmaker working in Huthwaite & the listing from Kelly's 1885 edition is Robert Wright, Hucknall under Huthwaite. The location of his yard is unknown unless he worked with Samuel Oxley ?



Sutton-in-Ashfield Brickmakers

Searching new trade directories has revealed the names of several "new brickmakers" which I have not previously wrote about who worked in Sutton-in-Ashfield, Notts. As of yet no bricks stamped by these makers have been found. 

I first use a 1877 map of Sutton & Skegby to show the possible locations of some of these brickmakers works because in most cases the exact location of their works is not given in trade directories. This is followed by another map of another part of Skegby where brickmaking also took place & more will be explained about that area of Skegby later. Then I cover a brickyard which was on Wild Hill, Teversal.

So after listing these "new" brickmakers I have then added the possible timeline to each of these works which are shown on the 1877 map, with information just gathered or previously wrote about. Please note that the orange coloured yard was not started until 1904 & in most cases each of these brickworks expanded in size over the years. I have also listed the timeline for two other yards which are not shown on this map.

  © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1877.

My first "new brickmaker" is Aaron Knighton & his listed in Kelly's 1876 edition at Skegby, Mansfield. Then John Lane is listed at Skegby, Mansfield in Kelly's 1885 edition. As to Skegby, Mansfield in these entries & in subsequent entries, Skegby at this date was a parish within the district of Mansfield, today it forms part of Sutton in Ashfield/Ashfield District. I then found that George Vallance is recorded at Skegby in Kelly's 1876 & 81 editions. Now trade directories between 1853 & 1872 record a George Vallance then Vallance & Sons as builders & brickmakers in Mansfield, so whether this Mansfield Vallance is the same man as the Skegby one, this I do not know, but the dates from the trade directories do follow on. There are two yards shown on this 1877 map which fall into the Parish of Skegby & these are the purple & green yards, but I have note because dates clash with other brickmakers operating at Skegby at this time, some of these Skegby entries may refer to the two brickworks which where in another part of Skegby & I write about these yards later.

Kelly's 1876 edition lists Robert Boot at Eastfield Side, S-in-A. & this may have been the red works, but this cannot be confirmed. Robert Boot may have been the father or brother to George Boot who was a brickmaker from 1904 in Sutton, but again this cannot be confirmed.

William Bilson is listed at Eastfield, Sutton in White's 1864 edition, then in Morris's 1869 edition William is listed as Brick & Tile Manufacturer at Eastfield Side, Sutton with Richard Carter as Manager. So William's yard will have been the red coloured yard. Now this 1869 entry records Richard Carter as Manager of this works & we next find in White's 1872 edition that Richard Carter had started working at his own works in Skegby, (the purple coloured works & I have wrote about Richard Carter in my Thomas Slack Post).

Kelly's 1853 edition records brickmaker John Miller as living at Dalestorth House, Sutton & White's 1853 edition actually records his works address as Eastfield Side, Sutton, so this could be the red coloured works. John Miller is then listed in Kelly's 1855 edition at Dalestorth, Skegby. Further investigation has revealed that John Miller a farmer & maltster acquired Dalestorth House in the early 1900's. It was then his nephew, also John Miller together with his wife who were to open a "An Establishment for Young Ladies' in 1852 at their 18th century built Dalestorth House. For the sum of 20 guineas per annum young ladies of the area would receive instruction on plain and ornamental needlework, reading, writing, arithmetic, grammar, composition, history, geography and French. So it appears from the trade directory dates that this second John Miller is our brickmaker. Today the house is a B & B together with a garden centre set within it's grounds.

I now write about two brickmakers who worked at a brickworks which was at the side of Blackmires Farm & is not shown on the map above. The yard was situated about half a mile south off the bottom of this map on Coxmoor Road & next to Sutton Reservoir. By the way Coxmoor Road joins Eastfield Side road (which is shown on this map going south) at the junction with Garden Lane. So Charles Lindley is listed at Blackmires in White's 1844 edition with John Baines as Manager. Then Charles Lindley is next listed in White's 1853 edition again at Blackmires. 
The 1861 Census records William Tomlinson as Master Brickmaker & living/boarding with William Clay at Blackmires Cottage. This cottage could have been on Blackmires Lane, which ran from Newark Road to Blackmires Farm & is now named Hamilton Road. So this William Tomlinson may have worked at or owned the Blackmires brickworks before William Beeley. I have wrote about William Beeley & his son William junior in a previous post. 



I now move on to the Timeline for the brickworks marked on the 1877 map above. Please note that the dates given are from trade directories or from info found & I would like to say that this timeline is 100% accurate, but I am unable to do so. The brickmakers who I am not sure if they worked at that yard are marked with an asterisk. 

Green Works on Forest Road, Skegby. This yard is shown on maps dated 1877 to 1938.
George Vallance* 1876 - 1881.
John Lane* 1885.
Henry Shaw 1894 - 1916. 
Sutton in Ashfield Brick Co. 1928. Owned by Mr. Shaw. Please note that this Mr. Shaw may have been Henry's son & named Walter. Walter may have continued to run this works after Henry had finished brickmaking until 1928 when he then formed the S-in-A. Brick Co. Also see Red Works entry.

Purple Works on Dalestorth Road, Skegby. Please note that the parish boundary follows the length of this road (dotted line) with the north side being Skegby & the south side being Sutton. This yard is shown on maps dated 1877 to 1938.
Richard Carter 1872 - 1878.
Thomas Slack 1891 - 1899.
Aaron Barke 1904 & then Barke Brothers 1912 - 1916. Also see Blue Works entry.

Pale Yellow Works on Dalestorth Road, Sutton. This yard is shown on maps dated 1877 to 1938.
Walter Straw 1886 - 1906/7. Also owned the two Potteries marked on this map.
George Boot 1908 - 1916.
S.E. Carding & Son* 1922 - 1925. There is the option that Carding & Son operated the purple works at these dates.
Boot Brothers 1928 - 1933. Sons of George.

Orange Works on Mansfield Road, but access was via a lane off Skegby Road which today is Hill Crescent. Only shown on 1913 & 1917 maps as disused. Not on 1898 map.
George Boot 1904 - 1908.

Blue Works on Mansfield Road. This yard is shown on maps dated 1875, 1898 & then marked disused on the 1913 map. 
Aaron Barke 1871 - 1900 .
Mrs. Louise Barke 1904.
Aaron is then recorded at Skegby in 1904 & 1908, followed by his sons George & John who are recorded as Barke Brothers in 1912 to 1916 at Skegby. See Purple Yard.

Red Works on Mansfield Road/ Eastfield Side. Earlier maps show this New Cross area of Sutton as a open field called East Field. This yard is shown on maps dated 1877 to 1898. Works had closed sometime after 1904 & was gone by the 1913 map.
John Miller 1853 - 1855.
William Bilson 1864 - 1869 with Richard Carter as Manager.
Robert Boot 1876.
Henry Shaw 1864 -1885. There is the possibility that Henry continued to own this works up to 1904 as well as owning the Green Works on Forest Road.
Walter Shaw 1904. More than likely Henry's son & the owner of the Sutton in Ashfield Brick Co. in 1928 at the green coloured works. Also see Green Works entry. 

I now list the two brickworks which are not shown on the 1877 map above.
Blackmires Brickyard was situated between Sutton Reservoir & Blackmires Farm, just to the south on this map on Coxmoor Road. This yard is shown on the 1877 map, but only the clay pit is shown on the 1898 map.
Charles Lindley 1844 to 1853 with John Baines as Manager.
William Tomlinson* 1861.
William Beeley senior 1864 up to 1885.
William Beeley junior 1876 up to 1885.

Priestsic Road - near town centre. Only on 1898 map.
William Beeley senior 1885.
William junior & John Beeley as Beeley Brothers 1885 possibly up to 1898.

This just leaves Aaron Knighton of Skegby in 1876 not yet assigned to a yard, but there is the option that he may have worked in this other part of Skegby where two more brick yards were situated & I write about these two yards little later in the post after I have wrote about the Skegby Colliery Lime & Brick Co.

  © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1876.

After finding a 1872 trade directory entry for the Skegby Colliery Lime & Brick Company I then delved into the web to find information & the location of this colliery as I had not come across it before. So I first slightly digress to tell you about this colliery & Skegby/Stanton Hill. 
I first use the 1876 map above to show the location of Skegby Colliery (coloured yellow), then the 1898 map below shows that Skegby Colliery was at the end of Wharf Road in what we now know as Stanton Hill, but why was it called Skegby Colliery. Further investigation has revealed that the village of Stanton Hill did not exist in 1876 & this area where the colliery had been sunk was in the Parish of Skegby, hence it's name. The Dodsley family of Skegby Hall were the Lords of the Manor & owners of this land & they sunk Skegby Colliery sometime in the early 1800's, the actual date is unknown. Local Historian Bill Clay-Dove wrote in his book that in 1847 coal production was recorded as only being small compared to modern outputs with an average output of 500 tons per month. Some of the coal was used by Dodsley himself to operate his colliery, lime kilns & brickworks. The Stanton Ironworks Co. then sunk Butcherwood Colliery (Teversal) in 1867 & Silverhill Colliery in 1878 with the Company then building houses for it's workers at Cooperative Street, Institute Street & Cross Row starting in 1877. These streets were to be later known as Stanton Hill in the Parish of Skegby in 1881. The first entry for Stanton Hill appears in the 1871 Census, but only as the name of a street in the Parish of Skegby. Further houses were then built by the Stanton Ironworks Co. at Meden Bank in 1880, but these houses have since been replaced with Council built houses, possibly around the 1970's. Bill records these 1880 Meden Bank houses as being demolished around 1963. It is also thought that Stanton Hill was named after the Stanton Ironworks Company with them building these houses. 
You will see another colliery which I have coloured red on these maps & this pit was sunk in 1873, again by the Dodsley's who first named it New Skegby Colliery. This pit then took on the name of Brierley Colliery as it was sunk by miners who had come from Brierley Hill in Staffordshire. By the time the Blackwell Colliery Co. had taken over this pit it had been renamed Sutton Colliery & had been named after Sutton Colliery Limited which had been formed from the Skegby Colliery Lime & Brick Co., but this pit was always affectionally known as Brierley. The original Skegby Colliery which I have coloured yellow closed in 1887. 

Now back to the brickworks at Skegby Colliery & the first trade directory entry that I have found for this brickworks is in Morris's 1869 edition & the entry is Skegby Colliery Co., coal owners, lime & brick manufacturers, Skegby with Richard B. Henson as Manager. Then the entry in White's 1872 edition is Skegby Colliery Lime & Brick Co., Skegby. Although both these two maps do not indicate which are the brickyard buildings, the clay pit is shown next to the colliery (yellow). I have also coloured Wharf Road yellow on the 1898 map below to show you the distance this colliery was from Stanton Hill, it was almost in Huthwaite. As to the Lime kilns owned by Skegby Colliery these may have been the lime kins that I have coloured green on the 1876 map above & where situated on Stoneyford Lane (now Road). Some small holdings & Fisher Close now occupies this former lime producing works. I have also found that there are some lime kilns & quarry marked on the 1875 map nearly opposite Skegby Hall on Mansfield Road, so more than likely these lime kilns were also owned by John Dodsley.

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1898.

I now write about the two brickyards which where next to the New Skegby Colliery (aka Brierley & later Sutton) in Skegby as shown on the 1876 map below. Please note that road which was used to access these two works was called Rooley Lane at this date & was later renamed Brand Lane as shown on the 1898 map above. I have no proof, but there is the possibility that the yard which I have coloured purple may have been owned by the colliery with the Skegby Colliery Co. previously owning a brickyard at their other colliery site & this purple yard is connected to the colliery via a lane. So this theory does look promising, if I only had written proof !!!

  © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1876.

So as previously wrote I was unable to allot a yard to Aaron Knighton who is listed at Skegby in Kelly's 1876 edition & this blue coloured yard may have been his works as the criteria of Skegby in 1876 fits, with this area of Skegby then becoming known as Stanton Hill after 1881. As said earlier in the post Aaron Knighton may have worked at one of the yards which was on the Sutton side of Skegby & it might have been George Vallance that was at this blue coloured yard in 1876 & 1881 ?  Both these two brickyards are no longer shown on the 1898 map.

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced by permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1898.

I finish the post with a brickworks which was situated on Wild Hill at the junction with Chesterfield Road in an area of Sutton in Ashfield which is called City of Whiteborough. It is unknown why this area has got this name as it only consisted of a few cottages, farms & farm land at this date as shown on the 1898 map. Wild Hill is the road (red) which connects Teversal to Tibshelf. I have been unable to find any information about this brickworks neither from trade directories or from Sutton Library. I have even asked someone who I know & has lived all his life on Wild Hill & this brickworks was unknown to him also. So this one will remain a mystery unless new information turns up. If anyone has any information about this works or any other brickworks in this post, please get in touch. Thanks.




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